StAR (Steroidogenic Acute Regulator) (Leydig Cell Marker) [STAR/3915R]



Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein (STAR) controls the rate-limiting step of steroidegenesis by translocating cholesterol from the outer mitochondrial membrane to the inner membrane where it is later cleaved to pregnenolone.It is primarily present in steroid-producing cells, including Leydig cells in the testis, theca cells and luteal cells in the ovary and adrenal cells in the adrenal cortex. Due to low levels of pregnenolone, seminomas and Leydig cell tumors display no specific STAR staining. Therefore, STAR antibody may assist in differentiating sex cord stromal tumors (SCST), seminomas and embryonal carcinomas.

Product Properties & Targets

Species Reactivity
Cellular Localization
Gene Name
Mol. Weight of Antigen
Recombinant fragment (around aa 39-108) of human STAR protein (exact sequence is proprietary)

Database Links

Entrez Gene ID

Additional Information

Human Gene Symbol
Chromosome Location

Known Applications & Suggested Dilutions

  • Immunohistochemistry (Formalin-fixed) (1-2ug/ml for 30 minutes at RT),(Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95 &degC followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes),Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.

Key References

  • Lin, D., Sugawara, T., Strauss, J.F., 3rd, Clark, B.J., Stocco, D.M., Saenger, P., Rogol, A. and Miller, W.L. 1995. Role of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein in adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis. Science 267: 1828-1831.
  • Pollack SE, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997; 82:4343-51.

Storage & Stability

Antibody with azide - store at 2 to 8 °C. Antibody without azide - store at -20 to -80 °C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous. No MSDS required.


This antibody is available for research use only and is not approved for use in diagnosis.

Supplied as

200ug/ml of Ab purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G. Prepared in 10mM PBS with0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0mg/ml.


There are no warranties, expressed or implied, which extend beyond this description. Company is not liable for any personal injury or economic loss resulting from this product.

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