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Alkaline Phosphatase (Tissue-Nonspecific) Antibody [SPM372]

In Stock
Catalog Number Formulation Size Price
249-MSM2X-P0
Purified Ab with BSA and Azide at 200ug/ml
20ug
$229.00
249-MSM2X-P1
Purified Ab with BSA and Azide at 200ug/ml
100ug
$519.00
249-MSM2X-P1ABX
Purified Ab WITHOUT BSA and Azide at 1.0mg/ml
100ug
$519.00
Flat Rate Domestic: $60 | Orders outside the US - Contact Us for Order Information | Ships next business day

Applications & Dilutions

Applications Tested Dillution Protocol Note
Flow Cytometry (Flow)
1-2ug/million cells
Immunofluorescence (IF)
1-2ug/ml
Immunohistochemistry (IHC)
1-2ug/ml
30 min at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95°C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes

Summary

There are at least four distinct but related alkaline phosphatases: intestinal, placental, placental-like, and liver/bone/kidney (tissue non-specific). The first three are located together on chromosome 2, while the tissue non-specific form is located on chromosome 1. The product of this gene is a membrane bound glycosylated enzyme that is not expressed in any particular tissue and is, therefore, referred to as the tissue-nonspecific form of the enzyme. The exact physiological function of the alkaline phosphatases is not known. A proposed function of this form of the enzyme is matrix mineralization; however, mice that lack a functional form of this enzyme show normal skeletal development. This enzyme has been linked directly to hypo-phosphatasia, a disorder that is characterized by hypercalcemia and includes skeletal defects. The character of this disorder can vary, however, depending on the specific mutation since this determines age of onset and severity of symptoms. Alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode the same protein, have been identified for this gene.

Product Properties & Targets

Antibody Type
Host
Mouse
Species Reactivity
Research Areas
Isotype / Light Chain
IgG1 / Kappa
Cellular Localization
Cell membrane, Extracellular vesicle membrane, Mitochondrion intermembrane space, Mitochondrion membrane
Gene Name
Positive Control
Intestine.
Immunogen
Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase
Alternate Names
Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozyme, Alkaline phosphatase liver/bone/kidney isozyme, Phosphoamidase, Phosphocreatine phosphatase, Alkaline phosphatase, germ cell; Alkaline phosphatase, testicular and thymus; Alkaline phosphatase liver/bone/kidney; Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific; ALPG; ALPL; Germ cell alkaline phosphatase; Testicular and thymus alkaline phosphatase; Tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase; Tissue nonspecific ALP (TNAP or TNSALP)

Database Links

Entrez Gene ID
249
SwissProt

Additional Information

Clone
SPM372
Chromosome Location
1p36.12
Mol. Weight of Antigen
55kDa

Functions

  • Alkaline phosphatase that metabolizes various phosphate compounds and plays a key role in skeletal mineralization and adaptive thermogenesis (PubMed:12162492, PubMed:23688511, PubMed:25982064). Has broad substrate specificity and can hydrolyze a considerable variety of compounds: however, only a few substrates, such as diphosphate (inorganic pyrophosphate; PPi), pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) and N-phosphocreatine are natural substrates (PubMed:12162492, PubMed:2220817). Plays an essential role in skeletal and dental mineralization via its ability to hydrolyze extracellular diphosphate, a potent mineralization inhibitor, to phosphate: it thereby promotes hydroxyapatite crystal formation and increases inorganic phosphate concentration (PubMed:23688511, PubMed:25982064). Acts in a non-redundant manner with PHOSPHO1 in skeletal mineralization: while PHOSPHO1 mediates the initiation of hydroxyapatite crystallization in the matrix vesicles (MVs), ALPL/TNAP catalyzes the spread of hydroxyapatite crystallization in the extracellular matrix (By similarity). Also promotes dephosphorylation of osteopontin (SSP1), an inhibitor of hydroxyapatite crystallization in its phosphorylated state; it is however unclear whether ALPL/TNAP mediates SSP1 dephosphorylation via a direct or indirect manner (By similarity). Catalyzes dephosphorylation of PLP to pyridoxal (PL), the transportable form of vitamin B6, in order to provide a sufficient amount of PLP in the brain, an essential cofactor for enzymes catalyzing the synthesis of diverse neurotransmitters (PubMed:2220817, PubMed:20049532). Additionally, also able to mediate ATP degradation in a stepwise manner to adenosine, thereby regulating the availability of ligands for purinergic receptors (By similarity). Also capable of dephosphorylating microbial products, such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) as well as other phosphorylated small-molecules, such as poly-inosine:cytosine (poly I:C) (PubMed:28448526). Acts as a key regulator of adaptive thermogenesis as part of the futile creatine cycle: localizes to the mitochondria of thermogenic fat cells and acts by mediating hydrolysis of N-phosphocreatine to initiate a futile cycle of creatine dephosphorylation and phosphorylation (By similarity). During the futile creatine cycle, creatine and N-phosphocreatine are in a futile cycle, which dissipates the high energy charge of N-phosphocreatine as heat without performing any mechanical or chemical work (By similarity).

Key References

  • Moss, D.W. 1987. Diagnostic aspects of alkaline phosphatase and its isoenzymes. Clin. Biochem. 20: 225-230.
  • Griffin, C.A., et al. 1987. Human placental and intestinal alkaline phosphatase genes map to 2q34-q37. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 41: 1025-1034.

PubMed Links

Storage & Stability

Antibody with azide - store at 2 to 8°C. Antibody without azide - store at -20 to -80°C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous. No MSDS required.

Limitations

This antibody is available for research use only and is not approved for use in diagnosis.

Supplied as

200ug/ml of Ab Purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G. Prepared in 10mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0mg/ml.

Warranty

There are no warranties, expressed or implied, which extend beyond this description. Company is not liable for any personal injury or economic loss resulting from this product.

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