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Prohibitin (Mitochondrial Marker) Antibody [PHB/3227]

In Stock
Catalog Number Formulation Size Price
5245-MSM7-P0
Purified Ab with BSA and Azide at 200ug/ml
20ug
$229.00
5245-MSM7-P1
Purified Ab with BSA and Azide at 200ug/ml
100ug
$519.00
5245-MSM7-P1ABX
Purified Ab WITHOUT BSA and Azide at 1.0mg/ml
100ug
$519.00
Flat Rate Domestic: $60 | Orders outside the US - Contact Us for Order Information | Ships next business day

Applications & Dilutions

Applications Tested Dillution Protocol Note
Immunohistochemistry (IHC)
1-2ug/ml
30 min at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95°C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes
Western Blot (WB)
2-4ug/ml

Summary

Recognizes a protein of 30kDa which is identified as Prohibitin, an evolutionarily conserved protein with homologues found in yeast to man. It is located in the inner membrane of mitochondria. Although prohibitin mRNA and protein expression occurs throughout the cell cycle, maximum levels are detected during the G1/S phase transition and minimum levels are seen in S phase and the G2/mitosis boundary. Prohibitin is located exclusively in the mitochondria with the highest concentration on the inner membrane. Prohibitin is an ideal mitochondrial marker. It shows antiproliferative activity and has been proposed to play a role in normal cell cycle regulation, replicative senescence, cellular immortalization, and tumor suppression.

Product Properties & Targets

Antibody Type
Host
Mouse
Species Reactivity
Isotype / Light Chain
IgG2a / Kappa
Cellular Localization
Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion inner membrane, Nucleus
Gene Name
Positive Control
Heart or Endometrium (IHC)., Kidney, Liver, Ramos
Immunogen
Recombinant human PHB protein fragment (aa167-261) (exact sequence is proprietary)
Alternate Names
Prohibitin 1, Epididymis luminal protein 215; Epididymis secretory sperm binding protein Li 54e; HEL 215; HEL S 54e; PHB; PHB1; Prohibitin

Database Links

Entrez Gene ID
SwissProt

Additional Information

Clone
PHB/3227
Chromosome Location
17q21.33
Mol. Weight of Antigen
30kDa

Functions

  • Protein with pleiotropic attributes mediated in a cell-compartment- and tissue-specific manner, which include the plasma membrane-associated cell signaling functions, mitochondrial chaperone, and transcriptional co-regulator of transcription factors in the nucleus (PubMed:11302691, PubMed:20959514, PubMed:28017329, PubMed:31522117). Plays a role in adipose tissue and glucose homeostasis in a sex-specific manner (By similarity). Contributes to pulmonary vascular remodeling by accelerating proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (By similarity).
  • In the mitochondria, together with PHB2, forms large ring complexes (prohibitin complexes) in the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) and functions as chaperone protein that stabilizes mitochondrial respiratory enzymes and maintains mitochondrial integrity in the IMM, which is required for mitochondrial morphogenesis, neuronal survival, and normal lifespan (Probable). The prohibitin complex, with DNAJC19, regulates cardiolipin remodeling and the protein turnover of OMA1 in a cardiolipin-binding manner (By similarity). Regulates mitochondrial respiration activity playing a role in cellular aging (PubMed:11302691). The prohibitin complex plays a role of mitophagy receptor involved in targeting mitochondria for autophagic degradation (PubMed:28017329). Involved in mitochondrial-mediated antiviral innate immunity, activates DDX58/RIG-I-mediated signal transduction and production of IFNB1 and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL6 (PubMed:31522117).
  • In the nucleus, acts as a transcription coregulator, enhances promoter binding by TP53, a transcription factor it activates, but reduces the promoter binding by E2F1, a transcription factor it represses (PubMed:14500729). Interacts with STAT3 to affect IL17 secretion in T-helper Th17 cells (PubMed:31899195).
  • In the plasma membrane, cooperates with CD86 to mediate CD86-signaling in B lymphocytes that regulates the level of IgG1 produced through the activation of distal signaling intermediates (By similarity). Upon CD40 engagement, required to activate NF-kappa-B signaling pathway via phospholipase C and protein kinase C activation (By similarity).

Key References

  • McClung, J.K., et al. Gerontol. 1995, 30(2):99-124.

Storage & Stability

Antibody with azide - store at 2 to 8°C. Antibody without azide - store at -20 to -80°C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous. No MSDS required.

Limitations

This antibody is available for research use only and is not approved for use in diagnosis.

Supplied as

200ug/ml of Ab Purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G. Prepared in 10mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0mg/ml.

Warranty

There are no warranties, expressed or implied, which extend beyond this description. Company is not liable for any personal injury or economic loss resulting from this product.

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