Estrogen Receptor, alpha (Marker of Estrogen Dependence) [ER506]

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Summary

This MAb is specific to ER alpha and shows minimal cross-reaction with other members of the family. ER is an important regulator of growth and differentiation in the mammary gland. Presence of ER in breast tumors indicates an increased likelihood of response to anti-estrogen (e.g. tamoxifen) therapy. It strongly stains nuclei of epithelial cells in breast carcinomas.

Product Properties & Targets

Host
Species Reactivity
Research Areas
Isotype
Cellular Localization
nuclear
Gene Name
Positive Control
MCF-7 cells. Breast or Endometrial Carcinoma.
Immunogen
Recombinant human Estrogen Receptor alpha protein (aa2-185)
Alternate Names
Estrogen receptor, ER-alpha, Estradiol receptor, Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group A member 1, Estrogen Receptor alpha delta 4*5,6,7*/654 isoform; Estrogen Receptor alpha delta 4 +49 isoform; Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group A member 1

Database Links

Entrez Gene ID
Unigene
SwissProt

Additional Information

Clone
ER506
Human Gene Symbol
ESR1
Chromosome Location
6q25.1
Mol. Weight of Antigen
~67kDa

Functions

  • Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Ligand-dependent nuclear transactivation involves either direct homodimer binding to a palindromic estrogen response element (ERE) sequence or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3, to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Ligand binding induces a conformational change allowing subsequent or combinatorial association with multiprotein coactivator complexes through LXXLL motifs of their respective components. Mutual transrepression occurs between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF-kappa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Decreases NF-kappa-B DNA-binding activity and inhibits NF-kappa-B-mediated transcription from the IL6 promoter and displace RELA/p65 and associated coregulators from the promoter. Recruited to the NF-kappa-B response element of the CCL2 and IL8 promoters and can displace CREBBP. Present with NF-kappa-B components RELA/p65 and NFKB1/p50 on ERE sequences. Can also act synergistically with NF-kappa-B to activate transcription involving respective recruitment adjacent response elements; the function involves CREBBP. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1. Also mediates membrane-initiated estrogen signaling involving various kinase cascades. Essential for MTA1-mediated transcriptional regulation of BRCA1 and BCAS3 (PubMed:17922032).
  • Involved in activation of NOS3 and endothelial nitric oxide production (PubMed:21937726). Isoforms lacking one or several functional domains are thought to modulate transcriptional activity by competitive ligand or DNA binding and/or heterodimerization with the full-length receptor (PubMed:10970861). Binds to ERE and inhibits isoform 1 (PubMed:10970861).

Known Applications & Suggested Dilutions

  • Flow Cytometry (5ul per test per one million cells or 5ul per 100ul of whole blood);,Immunofluorescence (1:50-1:100);,Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.

Key References

  • Zafrani B, et. al. Histopathology 2000; 37(6), 536-545.
  • Harvey JM, et. al. Journal of Clinical Oncology 1999; 17(5), 1474-1481.

PubMed Links

Storage & Stability

Antibody with azide - store at 4 to 8°C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous. No MSDS required.

Limitations

This antibody is available for research use only and is not approved for use in diagnosis.

Supplied as

Antibody Purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G and conjugated to various reporter molecules. Prepared in 10mM PBS with 0.05% BSA and 0.05% azide. Contact us if you require this Ab in a different format.

Warranty

There are no warranties, expressed or implied, which extend beyond this description. Company is not liable for any personal injury or economic loss resulting from this product.

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