CD33 / SIGLEC3 (Myeloid Cell Surface Antigen) [WM53]
Recognizes a 67kDa glycoprotein, which is identified as CD33 (HLDA IV; WS Code M-505). CD33 is a transmembrane protein of the sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec) family. It belongs to the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM)-containing molecules able of recruiting protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 to signal assemblies; these ITIMs are also used for ubiquitin-mediated removal of the receptor from the cell surface. CD33 is expressed on cells of myelomonocytic lineage, binds sialic acid residues in N- and O-glycans on cell surfaces, and is a therapeutic target for acute myeloid leukemia. CD33 is expressed on myeloid progenitors, monocytes, granulocytes, dendritic cells and mast cells. It is absent on platelets, lymphocytes, erythrocytes and hematopoietic stem cells.
- Sialic-acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec) that plays a role in mediating cell-cell interactions and in maintaining immune cells in a resting state (PubMed:10611343, PubMed:15597323, PubMed:11320212). Preferentially recognizes and binds alpha-2, 3- and more avidly alpha-2, 6-linked sialic acid-bearing glycans (PubMed:7718872). Upon engagement of ligands such as C1q or syalylated glycoproteins, two immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs) located in CD33 cytoplasmic tail are phosphorylated by Src-like kinases such as LCK (PubMed:28325905, PubMed:10887109). These phosphorylations provide docking sites for the recruitment and activation of protein-tyrosine phosphatases PTPN6/SHP-1 and PTPN11/SHP-2 (PubMed:10556798, PubMed:10206955, PubMed:10887109). In turn, these phosphatases regulate downstream pathways through dephosphorylation of signaling molecules (PubMed:10206955, PubMed:10887109). One of the repressive effect of CD33 on monocyte activation requires phosphoinositide 3-kinase/PI3K (PubMed:15597323).
Known Applications & Suggested Dilutions
- Flow Cytometry: 5ul per test per one million cells (or 5ul per 100ul of whole blood);Immunofluorescence (1:50-1:100)Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.
- Favaloro EJ, Bradstock KF, Kabral A, Grimsley P, Berndt MC: Characterization of monoclonal antibodies to the human myeloid-differentiation antigen, 'gp67' (CD-33). Dis Markers. 1987;5(4):215-25.
- Favaloro EJ, Bradstock KF, Kabral A, Grimsley P, Zowtyj H, Zola H: Further characterization of human myeloid antigens (gp160,95; gp150; gp67): investigation of epitopic heterogeneity and non-haemopoietic distribution using panels of monoclonal antibodies belonging to CD-11b, CD-13 and CD-33. Br J Haematol. 1988;69(2):163-71.
Storage & Stability
Antibody with azide - store at 4 to 8°C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous. No MSDS required.
This antibody is available for research use only and is not approved for use in diagnosis.
Antibody Purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A/G and conjugated to various reporter molecules. Prepared in 10mM PBS with 0.05% BSA and 0.05% azide. Contact us if you require this Ab in a different format.
There are no warranties, expressed or implied, which extend beyond this description. Company is not liable for any personal injury or economic loss resulting from this product.